Introduction to Chess Opening

We’ll be well on our way to starting each and every chess game we ever play with a solid plan if we can take a cue from this position. For this reason, we research chess opening.

Categories of Chess Opening

There are two main areas of research for chess opening analysis:

  • Gaining Knowledge of Opening Principles
  • Recalling Particular Opening Motions (“Opening theory”)

Do not be alarmed if you are new to chess! You don’t need to memorize a move sequence to get an advantage over your opponents and advance through the rankings; just understanding the fundamentals of chess openings will do this.

Once you have grasped these fundamentals and are prepared to go on your chess opening theoretical adventure, and then proceed with the reading.

  1. Principles of Chess Opening

You will benefit from bearing in mind the following introductory guidelines. These principles are essential to playing the opening well even when you start learning particular move sequences. If your opponent plays a move you’re not familiar with, you’re on your own, and these principles will save the day!

  • Use your pawns to control the center of space. Keeping space under control allows your pieces to move freely and prevents the opposition from gaining squares.
  • Castle ahead of time. It will be risky for your king to remain stranded on its beginning square if the center opens up. In addition to securing your king in a corner, casting lets you link your rooks, which is advantageous while battling open files in the middle game.
  • Work on your compositions. Eight pieces are placed leisurely on each player’s back rank at the beginning of each chess game. In games, if they stay there for too long, you won’t win many. When it’s necessary to control space, make pawn moves, but move quickly to get your pieces into the action.
  • Move the same piece only once, and for a good cause. You will lag behind in piece development if your opponent meticulously introduces all of their pieces into the game while you keep moving the same piece.
  • Avoid making pointless early queen moves. Make sure your queen cannot be easily harassed by enemy pieces if you decide to move her. Check out the video below to find out why knights and bishops are frequently developed before the queen.

Chess Opening Theory

Now let’s go specific.

It should not be surprising that White’s two most often used opening moves are 1. e4 and 1. d4, or the King’s Pawn Opening and the Queen’s Pawn Opening, respectively, given the aforementioned concepts.

These actions are exactly in line with the previously mentioned concepts. Right away, they give white some central space, and they both provide a way for a bishop to advance.

In fact, white can play 1. e4, develop his kingside knight to f3 (2. Nf3), develop his light-squared bishop somewhere (white’s first move clearing the way), and then castle to the kingside on move 4, the earliest castling in a chess game possible. White can play these opening moves repeatedly. Lovely observance of traditional opening guidelines!

Of course, White has several other perfectly reasonable moves as well. For instance, 1. c4 and 1. Nf3 are commonly played, and they are both perfectly fine moves—the former establishes some central space, while the latter advances a piece as early as move 1!

King’s Pawn Chess Opening

Many people believe that the King’s Pawn Opening is the most aggressive move for white. Bobby Fischer, the world champion, was renowned for his preference for this opening move, referring him it as “Best by test.”

When it comes to answering the King’s Pawn Opening, Black has numerous options:


Black is able to stand alone in the center. For the same reasons why white’s opening move is good, the symmetrical move 1. e5 is also advantageous.  The Sicilian defensive, 1…c5, seizes black’s area as well, establishing an unbalanced position from the outset.

Queen’s Pawn Chess Opening

By a wide measure, black’s two most popular moves in the Queen’s Pawn Opening are 1…d5 and 1…Nf6.  Both movements are very sensible; from the standpoint of the “Opening Principles,” they are both obviously desirable and they both take the e4 square under control right away, preventing white from controlling the entire center by moving two. e4

The Dutch Defense, 1…f5, is occasionally used for the same objective.


In order to improve your game, you must be efficient and expert in all chess techniques especially in chess opening. Practice and learn the principles as much as you can.